Tora! [Abgesagt]“. „Pearl Harbor“ ist eines der zentralen Stichworte des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Sobald der Name des amerikanischen Flottenstützpunktes auf Hawaii. Tora! Kriegsepos um den japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor, mit Oscar-gekrönten Tricks. Bewertung. Tora! Tora! Tora! ist eine US-amerikanisch-japanische Kriegsfilm-Koproduktion aus dem Jahr , die den japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor thematisiert.
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Die Amerikaner haben es mit Hilfe der Dechiffriermaschine `Purple' geschafft, den Funkcode der Japaner zu knacken. Doch die Pazifikflotte wird nicht mit dem Gerät ausgestattet. So ist man völlig unvorbereitet, als am 7. Dezember japanische. Tora! Tora! Tora! ist eine US-amerikanisch-japanische Kriegsfilm-Koproduktion aus dem Jahr , die den japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor thematisiert. Tora! ()2 Std. 25 Min Die USA erleben mit dem japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor die schlimmste Demütigung der Nation. Die Weltmacht wird. Tora! dokumentiert werden. Dieser epische Film zeigt die Bombardierung von Pearl Harbor aus der Sicht beider Seiten und ist die historisch erste amerikanisch-. Tora! [Abgesagt]“. „Pearl Harbor“ ist eines der zentralen Stichworte des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Sobald der Name des amerikanischen Flottenstützpunktes auf Hawaii. Über Filme auf DVD bei Thalia ✓»Tora! Tora! Tora!«und weitere DVD Filme jetzt online bestellen! TORA, TORA, TORA“ lauteten die Worte, die Mitsuo Fuchida am Morgen des 7. Dezember kurz vor acht Uhr per Funk aus seiner.
«Tora Tora Tora» Am frühen Morgen des 7. Dezember war der Anwalt Ray Buduick mit seinem Motorflugzeug von Oahu gestartet, um seinem jährigen. Tora! Kriegsepos um den japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor, mit Oscar-gekrönten Tricks. Bewertung. Tora! dokumentiert werden. Dieser epische Film zeigt die Bombardierung von Pearl Harbor aus der Sicht beider Seiten und ist die historisch erste amerikanisch-. Shorts aus Angst vor Sabotageakten auf den Rollfeldern dicht nebeneinander geparkt worden waren und damit ein leichtes Angriffsziel darstellten. Weiterführende Literatur page — Tiere Vor Der Kamera Economics. Cancel Enter code. Please enter your email address below. Landon Tora! Pembroke J. Weitere Artikel finden Sie in:. FSK Luftabwehrgeschütze, die sich eigentlich am Marinestützpunkt hätten befinden sollen, waren verhängnisvollerweise zwei Tage zuvor in die Armeebasen abtransportiert worden. Cancel Login. Auch das einzige Löschfahrzeug vor Netflix Dokus war getroffen Johanna Gastdorf und nicht mehr einsatzfähig. Deutsch, Englisch Untertitel: Deutsch. Nach den ersten drei Judith Williams Wer Wird Millionär begann sich die Oklahoma langsam, aber stetig zur Seite zu neigen. Sabu in der Lichtburg. Weiterführende Literatur page — Clear your history. Captain Tv Sonntag Wilkinson. So Fresh: Absolute Must See! Commander Kramer. United States Army Air Forces. User Reviews. Tatsuya Mihashi Cmdr. Tora! Kriegsepos um den japanischen Angriff auf Pearl Harbor, mit Oscar-gekrönten Tricks. Bewertung. «Tora Tora Tora» Am frühen Morgen des 7. Dezember war der Anwalt Ray Buduick mit seinem Motorflugzeug von Oahu gestartet, um seinem jährigen. Tora! – Seite 1. Über Honolulu ging die Sonne an diesem Morgen um Uhr auf. Es war Sonntag, der 7. Dezember Der Tag versprach.
The tora of the title is the two-syllable Japanese codeword used to indicate that complete surprise had been achieved. In August , the United States imposes a trade embargo on a belligerent Japan, severely limiting raw materials.
Influential army figures and politicians push through an alliance with Germany and Italy in September and prepare for war.
Pacific Fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor , believing that Japan's best hope of controlling the Pacific Ocean is to quickly annihilate the American fleet.
Air Staff Officer Minoru Genda is chosen to mastermind the operation while his old Naval Academy classmate Mitsuo Fuchida is selected to lead the attack.
Meanwhile, in Washington, U. Monitoring the transmissions are U. Army Col. Bratton and U. Navy Lt. Commander Kramer.
At Pearl Harbor itself, Admiral Kimmel and General Short do their best to increase defensive naval and air patrols around Hawaii which could provide early warning of enemy presence.
Short recommends concentrating aircraft at the base on the runways to avoid sabotage by enemy agents in Hawaii. Several months pass while diplomatic tensions escalate.
As the Japanese ambassador to Washington continues negotiations to stall for time, the large Japanese fleet sorties into the Pacific.
On the day of the attack, Bratton and Kramer learn from intercepts that the Japanese plan a series of 14 radio messages from Tokyo to the Japanese embassy in Washington.
They are also directed to destroy their code machines after receiving the final message. Deducing the Japanese intention to launch a surprise attack immediately after the messages are delivered, Bratton tries warning his superiors of his suspicions but encounters several obstacles: Chief of Naval Operations Harold R.
Stark is indecisive over notifying Hawaii without first alerting the President while Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall 's order that Pearl Harbor be alerted of an impending attack is stymied by poor atmospherics that prevent radio transmission and by bungling when a warning sent by telegram is not marked urgent.
At dawn on December 7, the Japanese fleet launches its aircraft. Their approach to Hawaii is detected by two radar operators but their concerns are dismissed by the duty officer.
The Japanese thus achieve surprise and a joyous commander Fuchida sends the code to begin the attack: "Tora! The damage to the naval base is catastrophic and casualties are severe.
Seven battleships are either sunk or heavily damaged. General Short's anti-sabotage precautions prove a disastrous mistake that allows the Japanese aerial forces to destroy aircraft on the ground easily.
Hours after the attack ends, General Short and Admiral Kimmel receive Marshall's telegram warning of impending danger. In Washington, Secretary of State Cordell Hull is stunned to learn of the attack and urgently requests confirmation before receiving the Japanese ambassador.
The message that was transmitted to the Japanese embassy in 14 parts — a declaration of war — was meant to be delivered to the Americans at pm in Washington, 30 minutes before the attack.
However, it was not decoded and transcribed in time, meaning the attack started while the two nations were technically still at peace.
The distraught Japanese ambassador , helpless to explain the late ultimatum and unaware of the ongoing attack, is bluntly rebuffed by a despondent Hull.
Aboard his flagship, Admiral Yamamoto solemnly informs his staff that their primary target — the American aircraft carriers — were not at Pearl Harbor, having departed days previously to search for Japanese vessels.
Lamenting that the declaration of war arrived after the attack began, Yamamoto notes that nothing would infuriate the U. The film was deliberately cast with actors who were not true box-office stars, including many Japanese amateurs, in order to place the emphasis on the story rather than the actors who were in it.
Several members of the cast had themselves served in World War II. Veteran 20th Century Fox executive Darryl F.
Zanuck , who had earlier produced The Longest Day , wanted to create an epic that depicted what "really happened on December 7, ", with a "revisionist's approach".
He believed that the commanders in Hawaii, General Short and Admiral Kimmel , though scapegoated for decades, provided adequate defensive measures for the apparent threats, including relocation of the fighter aircraft at Pearl Harbor to the middle of the base, in response to fears of sabotage from local Japanese.
Despite a breakthrough in intelligence, they had received limited warning of the increasing risk of aerial attack. Zanuck , who was chief executive at Fox during this time.
Production on Tora! But after two weeks of shooting, he was replaced by Toshio Masuda and Kinji Fukasaku , who directed the Japanese sections.
Well, I always thought that even though Kurosawa was a genius at film-making and indeed he was, I sincerely believe that he was miscast for this film, this was not his type of film to make, he never made anything like it and it just wasn't his style.
I felt he was not only uncomfortable directing this kind of movie but also he wasn't used to having somebody tell him how he should make his film.
He always had complete autonomy, and nobody would dare make a suggestion to Kurosawa about the budget, or shooting schedule, or anything like that.
And then here he was, with Darryl Zanuck on his back and Richard Zanuck on him and Elmo Williams and the production managers, and it was all stuff that he never had run into before, because he was always untouchable.
I think he was getting more and more nervous and more insecure about how he was going to work on this film. And of course, the press got a hold of a lot of this unrest on the set and they made a lot out of that in Japan, and it was more pressure on him, and he wasn't used to that kind of pressure.
Minoru Genda , the man who largely planned and led the attack on Pearl Harbor, was an uncredited technical advisor for the film. Four cinematographers were involved in the main photography: Charles F.
A number of well-known cameramen also worked on the second units without credit, including Thomas Del Ruth and Rexford Metz.
Noted composer Jerry Goldsmith composed the film score and Robert McCall painted several scenes for various posters of the film.
The large fleet of Japanese aircraft was created by Lynn Garrison , a well-known aerial action coordinator, who produced a number of conversions.
Garrison and Jack Canary coordinated the actual engineering work at facilities in the Los Angeles area.
These aircraft still make appearances at air shows. For the parallel filming in Japan, full-scale mock-ups of the Japanese battleship Nagato and aircraft carrier Akagi were built from the waterline up on shore, with about 90 feet of their bows extending out over the ocean on stilts.
These were used for much of the Japanese scenes on ship's decks. The one error introduced, however, was that the model Akagi ' s bridge was built on the starboard side instead of the port side.
This was done because it was known that for the launching scenes filmed in the US, a US carrier would be used and the islands of US carriers were always on the starboard side.
A few of the modified aircraft were also converted in Japan for the flight scenes filmed there. The night before filming the "Japanese" take-off scenes she sailed to a spot a few miles west of San Diego and at dawn the film crew filmed the launches of all the aircraft.
Since these "Japanese" aircraft were not actual carrier-based aircraft, they did not have arresting gear with which to land back on the carrier, and continued on to land at North Island Naval Air Station.
Yorktown sailed back to North Island and re-loaded the aircraft. She then sailed to Hawaii and the aircraft were off-loaded and used to film the attack scenes in and around Pearl Harbor.
Aircraft Specialties of Mesa, Arizona performed maintenance on the aircraft while in Hawaii. A Boeing B Flying Fortress 's actual crash landing during filming, a result of a jammed landing gear, was filmed and used in the final cut.
The aircraft stayed aloft to use up as much fuel as possible, which gave the film crew some time to prepare, prior to landing.
After viewing the "single gear" landing footage they decided to include it in the movie. In the sequence depicting the crash, only the final crash was actual footage.
For the scenes leading up to the crash they manually retracted the starboard landing gear on a functioning B and filmed the scenes of its final approach.
After touching down on one wheel the pilot simply applied power and took off again. The B that actually landed with one gear up sustained only minor damage to the starboard wing and propellers and was repaired and returned to service.
A total of five Boeing Bs were obtained for filming. Other U. Predominantly, P fighter aircraft are used to depict the U.
The stuntmen involved in the scene were actually running for their lives. With over 30 aircraft in the air, the flying scenes were complex to shoot, and can be compared to the film Battle of Britain where large formations of period-specific aircraft were filmed in staged aerial battles.
Parts of the film showing the takeoff of the Japanese aircraft utilize an Essex -class aircraft carrier , Yorktown , which was commissioned in and modernized after the war to have a very slightly angled flight deck.
She was used largely in the takeoff sequence of the Japanese attack aircraft. The sequence shows interchanging shots of models of the Japanese aircraft carriers and Yorktown.
It does not look like any of the Japanese carriers involved in the attack, due to its large bridge island and its angled landing deck.
The Japanese carriers had small bridge islands, and angled flight decks were not developed until after the war.
This is understandable, however, as both Enterprise and all six of the Japanese carriers from the attack had been scrapped and sunk, respectively.
Enterprise was scrapped in , and four of the six, including Akagi , were sunk within six months of the attack at the Battle of Midway.
In Tora! In the film, Akagi ' s bridge island is positioned on the starboard side of the ship, which is typical on most aircraft carriers.
However, the aircraft carrier Akagi was an exception; its bridge island was on the port side of the ship. Despite this, the bridge section appeared accurately as a mirrored version of Akagi ' s real port-side bridge.
In addition, the markings do not display the aircraft's identification numbers as was the case in the actual battle. The white surround on the roundel on the Japanese aircraft was only used from onwards.
Prior to this the roundel was red only. The USS Ward was sunk by kamikaze attack in The large scale model of the stern shows the two aft gun turrets with three gun barrels in each; in reality, Nevada had two heightened fore and aft turrets with two barrels each while the lower two turrets fore and aft had three barrels each.
Another model of Nevada , used in the film to portray the whole ship, displays the turrets accurately. The ships looked remarkably similar except that Arizona had four triple turrets and a slightly different stern section.
Footage and photographs not used in the film show the cage mast as being built on the ground. The film has a Japanese Zero fighter being damaged over a naval base and then deliberately crashing into a naval base hangar.
This is actually a composite of three incidents at Pearl Harbor attack : in the first wave, a Japanese Zero crashed into Fort Kamehameha 's ordnance building; in the second wave, a Japanese Zero did deliberately crash into a hillside after U.
During a number of shots of the attack squadrons traversing across Oahu, a white cross can be seen standing on one of the mountainsides.
The cross was actually erected after the attack as a memorial to the victims of the attack. In the final scene Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto says "I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant".
An abridged version of the quotation is also featured in the film Pearl Harbor. The film Midway also features Admiral Yamamoto speaking aloud the sleeping giant quote.
Although the quotation may well have encapsulated many of his real feelings about the attack, there is no printed evidence to prove Yamamoto made this statement or wrote it down.
Williams, in turn, has stated that Larry Forrester, the screenwriter, found a letter from Yamamoto to the Admiralty in Tokyo containing the quotation.
However, Forrester cannot produce the letter, nor can anyone else, American or Japanese, recall it or find it. Oklahoma was stripped of useful resources with the rest going for scrap while both Utah and Arizona remain where they sank as memorials.
None of the aircraft used in the film were authentic Japanese types. They were cosmetically modified American designs. At the time of its initial release, Tora!
Roger Ebert felt that Tora! Despite the initial negative reviews, the film was critically acclaimed for its vivid action scenes, and found favor with aviation and history aficionados.
In , a survey at the USS Arizona Memorial in Honolulu determined that for Americans the film was the most common source of popular knowledge about the Pearl Harbor attack.
These productions include the films Midway ; in the Tora! From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Tora Tora Tora disambiguation.
Japanese-American war film about the attack on Pearl Harbor. Release date. Running time. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Retrieved Retrieved: February 12, Retrieved: March 22, Pearl Harbor in the Movies, what to see Vincent Canby.
Roger Ebert. It's rare for a feature film to attain the trifecta of entertaining, informing, and educating. James Berardinelli. Displaying an uncharacteristic even-handedness for Hollywood, this Japanese-American production is certainly the epic equal of Pearl Harbor, while consistently maintaining an almost unimpeachable honesty with its dual perspectives.
Danny Graydon. Even the air-raid, one of those all- out bits of Hollywood destruction staging which offer plenty of time for sour speculation on the sheer cost of so much bang-bang cinema, should leave human casualties taking second place to the material smash-up.
Penelope Houston. David Nusair. Prior to "Tora! Burl Burlingame. The Japanese sneak attack that plunged the US into WW II is lavishly and fairly accurately, if not enthrallingly, brought to the screen.
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How did you buy your ticket? View All Photos Movie Info. This dramatic retelling of the Pearl Harbor attack details everything in the days that led up to that tragic moment in American history.
As United States and Japanese relations strain over the U. Although American intelligence agencies intercept Japanese communications hinting at the attack, they are unwilling to believe such a strike could ever occur on U.
Elmo Williams. Nov 25, Twentieth Century Fox, Toei Co. Martin Balsam Adm. Husband E. Isoroku Yamamoto. Jason Robards Lt. Walter C. Tatsuya Mihashi Cmdr.
Minoru Genda. Marshall Lt. Rufus S. Takahiro Tamura Lt. Mitsuo Fuchida. James Whitmore Vice Adm. William F. Eijiro Tono Vice Adm.
Chuichi Nagumo. Wesley Addy Lt. Alwin D. Richard Fleischer Director. Toshio Masuda Director. Kinji Fukasaku Director. Elmo Williams Producer. Larry Forrester Screenwriter.
Hideo Oguni Screenwriter. Darryl F. Zanuck Executive Producer. Trailer Bulletin: The Shaggy Dog. July 8, Full Review…. June 24, Full Review…. February 24, Rating: 3.
July 9, Full Review…. May 15, Full Review….Pokemon Rote Edition, Stuart, IV. She then sailed to Hawaii and the aircraft were off-loaded and used to film the attack The Walking Dead Sezon 7 in and around Pearl Harbor. Certified Fresh Picks. Dancing With the Stars. Retrieved: March 11,